California’s pension reforms are designed to fully fund CalSTRS in the next 35 years. But that timeline assumes the fund will meet or exceed its assumed rate of return – 7.5 percent – year in and year out.
But what if CalSTRS doesn’t meet its investment return targets?
That was the topic of the fund’s most recent investment board meeting. Reported by Chief Investment Officer:
CIO Chris Ailman posed that question [of failing to meet return expectations] during the fund’s September 5 investment board meeting. A number of top asset managers and economists have predicted market returns below historic averages for the coming years, and CalSTRS has chosen to confront that possibility head-on.
Economic growth risk is the foremost factor determining asset returns, according to Pension Consulting Alliance (PCA), CalSTRS’ primary investment adviser. Weak growth brought on by cyclical recessions, another financial crisis, or geopolitical events pose the largest threat to the fund’s short-term returns. In turn, these draw-down events present the likeliest path to sub-7.5% returns over the long term and, taken to an extreme, plan insolvency.
“Mitigating short-term drawdown risk may improve the likelihood that the long-term pension reform measures will succeed,” PCA said in its presentation. But CalSTRS faces a “key tradeoff” in hedging. “Addressing major crisis risks could push the long-term expected rate of return lower,” the consultancy continued.
During the discussion, PCA Founder Allan Emkin, Ailman, and others expressed trepidation over equities’ long bull run and lofty valuations. According to research by Investment Officer Josh Diedesch, the US stock market’s price-to-earnings ratio (20) suggests annual returns below or barely surpassing the 7.5% threshold for the next five years.
As Ailman put it during his opening CIO report, the “US bull market is getting long in the tooth.”
The topic will be broached again at the next board meeting, according to Chief Investment Officer.